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Occurrence Details

Occurrence Number
105D 227
Occurrence Name
Empress Of India
Occurrence Type

General Information

Secondary Commodities: copper
Aliases: Whitehorse Copper
Deposit Type(s): Skarn
Location(s): 60.676030 N, -135.1230 W
NTS Mapsheet(s): 105D11
Hand Samples Available at YGS: No


The Whitehorse Copper Belt is located west of Whitehorse and contains 30+ mines, deposits and showings. By 1900, most of the important deposits had been discovered and the first small ore shipment was made that year. Many of the occurrences in the Copper Belt are skarns. The skarns form on or near the contact between the Whitehorse batholith and the Lewes River group. The Whitehorse batholith is commonly a grey coarse-grained hornblende granite and ranges from quartz monzonite to granodiorite to diorite. The Lewes River group contains numerous different rock types, most importantly of which is the limestone group, which is essential in the formation of skarns in the area.  A small number of occurrences within the Copper Belt are vein and/or replacement and occur within the Whitehorse batholith granite.

Empress of India is located directly south of Spring Creek and is located within a similar environment. The deposit is located along a contact between the Lewes River limestone and Whitehorse batholith granite. The limestone is altered to grey marble and secondary minerals such as garnet, wollastonite, tremolite, actinolite, epidote, magnetite, quartz and calcite replace the contact.  Mineralization is also present as bornite, chalcopyrite, pyrite, and minor scheelite. On the bank of a nearby creek, oxidation of the minerals has stained the rock green.

Location Map

Last Updated: Mar 27, 2019

Work History

Year Work Type Comment
1977 Drilling: Diamond

Regional Geology - Terrane

Group: Intermontane
Affinity: W Laurentia
Name: Stikinia
Realm: peri-Laurentian

Regional Geology - Bedrock

Group/Suite: Whitehorse
Period Max: Cretaceous
Age Max: 112 MA
Period Min: Cretaceous
Age Min: 105 MA
Rock Major: granodiorite/quartz diorite
Rock Minor:
Reference: Hart & Radloff (1990) - YGS OF 1990-4
Geological Unit (1M): mKW
Geological Unit (250K): mKgW

Assessment Reports that overlap occurrence

Report Number Year Title Worktypes Holes Drilled Meters Drilled
090823 1980 [Diamond Drill Log - Whitehorse Copper Belt] Diamond - Drilling, Drill Core - Geochemistry 7 1208.83
091125 1977 [Drilling on the Parke, Ross, Zircon, Jean, Jay and New Claims] Diamond - Drilling 7 1119.22
062018 1973 Preliminary Report on Geological Control to Ore Distribution in the Whitehorse Copper Belt Reverse Circulation - Drilling, Bedrock Mapping - Geology, Petrographic - Lab Work/Physical Studies 665 5555
091123 1964 Summary of assessment work for 316 claims Diamond - Drilling 46 3652.57

Related References

Number Title Page(s) Document Type
091125 [Drilling on the Parke, Ross, Zircon, Jean, Jay and New Claims] Assessment Report
1984-1 The Whitehorse Copper Belt - A Compilation Open File (Geological - Bedrock)
Kindle, E.D., “Summary of Research: Field, 1962”; Geological Survey of Canada, Paper no. 63-1, 1963, (Open Access)

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